The 21st century is highlighted by the growth of the world population and a consequent increase in urban settlements. These fast changes are accompanied by social and environmental differences through expansion and densification of occupations in the cities, decrease in the quality of life, urban mobility problems, among others. At the same time, you may observe an intensification of interest in the political participation of society and the strengthening of the use and appropriation of public space in contemporaneity. Therefore, it is undeniable the role of architects and urban planners in the qualitative development of the built environment, in the production of a less unequal world, and in the search for quality of life in human settlements.
Understanding that technologies comprise instruments, methods and techniques that aim at problem solving and practical applications of scientific knowledge, it is understood that such actions shall help in the development of products, actions and processes that respect sociocultural specificities. This concentration area aims at the technical-scientific grounding in the training of professionals for the development of technologies applied to the facing of present and future challenges in the urban regional context.
In this context the vocational master's degree has been undergoing major transformations that impact the lives of the region's residents. These impacts have been occurring since the discovery of oil in Campos dos Goytacazes Basin in the 1970s and, more recently, the implementation of logistics and port complexes. It has led to population growth, urban densification and expansion, informal settlements, occupation of environmentally fragile spaces and other urban problems. Thus, the way of life of the region's population has been changing, whether in the way of living, relating to the city, or in the possibilities of using and appropriating public spaces.
The goal is a multidisciplinary education and the development of a professional who is aware of the practices and social relations that involve the field of architecture and urbanism.
Towards contemporary issues expressed in the regional urban space, the professional needs to deal with current and future challenges and to propose alternatives and solutions to the transformations in the built space.
It is expected that the professional will be qualified to work in the job market, aiming at the qualified production of space, considering the environmental, functional, technological or aesthetic performance of the built environment.
Concentration Area: Technologies in architecture and urbanism
The research lines that make up this concentration area aim to prepare professionals in the field of architecture and urbanism to deal with the challenges presented in the local and regional context, as well as in any other context in the country, considering that urban transformations are present in several regions, especially in medium-sized Brazilian cities, which currently attract greater investments and usually represent regional hubs, concentrating opportunities for different sectors of the population. The research lines are:
- Technology, Design and Analysis: this research line seeks to deepen the analysis and the development of techniques and processes for the conception and intervention in the built environment, aiming to a theoretical and methodological basis that provides a more qualified production of space, towards its performance, whether environmental, functional, technological or aesthetic, seeking to meet the expectations and demands of users. It also seeks to study the application of methods, techniques, tools and processes of design practice, and the relationship between technology, form, function and perception of the built environment, in order to generate subsidies for design and planning action. This research line also intends to provide instruments for analytical and propositional action in its multiple scales. It involves studies on technologies applied to materials and construction processes, computer and information technology applied to modeling, representation and optimization of design processes, assisting in the development of practical solutions and design, emphasizing the importance of incorporating technological advances to the current and future needs of the region.
- Technology, Management and Production: this research line seeks to focus on the production of urban and architectural space in different scales and aspects. It aims to study management, production and transformation of the built environment and landscape, with emphasis on its practical implications, providing knowledge that contributes to the production of space focusing on understanding contemporary issues that make architectural and urban systems more complex based on the current and future challenge. It also seeks to provide a perception of political and governmental aspects and ethical issues, an analysis of social technologies and the right to the city, a production of regional urban space and the performance of different agents who partake in the production and transformation of space, as well as spatial and socio-environmental structures resulting from this relationship.